There are two kinds of diabetes – diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus. Both the disease may have diabetes but in diabetes insipidus sugar does not increase at all. This can happen because of mind secreted hormone or kidney problem.
Anyhow, in this chapter we will be discussing about diabetes mellitus only.
Diabetes mellitus also are two kinds. (1) Type one and (2) type two. Making it more clear in this way. The diabetes which starts from childhood is called type one and which starts nearly from 40 years is type two. Anyhow the reason of this disease is different and the treatment process also is little bit different but still out of all this there is similarity between these two.
It is known to all that having diabetes means increasing the sugar in the blood, even though only glucose can be found in the blood sugar. Glucose is the source of about all the cells of our body. According to calculation, because of diabetes the cells of our body should be more fresh and strong. But why does the opposite happens?
Very less cells of our body can directly use the glucose that is in our blood. To make enter the glucose into the cells there is hormone insulin which prepares our pancreas. And when this pancreas cannot produce enough insulin glucose cannot enter into the cells and so glucose increases in the blood. At one time kidney is obliged to let the extra glucose out with urine. That’s why happens the frequently urinate with sugar. Now surely it is clearly understood why glucose increases in the blood when somebody is having diabetes and why the lack of insulin causes diabetes.
Cells cannot have the strength because glucose cannot enter into cells. For this diabetes ailing very easily gets tired and feels weak. Feels hungry even eating enough food, loose the weight, feels thirsty because of frequent urinate. Moreover, takes time to dry the wounds, get itching, less eye sight etc. are the symptoms of diabetes.
If there are less insulin produces cells in pancreas then person gets diabetes type one. So the treatment of the ailing is to give insulin according to the need. In type two even though pancreas cannot produce much but insulin can do this, so the treatment for type two is little different.
The cause of type one and type two are genetically, after that also for some reasons the fury of type two can be seen more. There are sedentary lifestyle, overweight or obese, smoking, hypertension or high blood pressure, cholesterol, age over forty etc are in type two.
The disease of diabetes will not be cured completely but it is possible to keep it under control following some rules, regulations and advice. Controlling the habit of eating, physical work and exercise, taking necessary medicine and enough knowledge and sense of discipline if these four things are balanced then this disease of diabetes can be fully under controlled.
- Habit of eating: Must take listed food prepared according to the advice of diabetes specialist. Easy way to explain is, must avoid all sweet based food and take carbohydrates based moderate food, ghee, butter, fat, delta etc. but there is no restriction of taking oil. Prepared a menu with fiber based food, vegetables, sour fruits then you can control your diabetes. Instead of taking much food at a time must take food many a times with little quantity every time and at the same time keep in mind to reduce your weight.
- When you walk your two hands swing and in this way have to walk daily for 45 minutes. It will not be right to do a lot of toil at a time.
- Must be very careful using the medicine and insulin given by the diabetes expertise and should not disobey them.
- Discipline should be the lifestyle of a diabetes ailing and so they should embrace it always. There are lots of ways around to know about diabetes. So must know what to do in which situation and take step speedily accordingly.